Myokakuji Regulations of 1413

The trend of the times within the Kyoto-based Nichiren temples was against the conciliatory [State sponsored temples] Myokenji and Honkokuji, as a drive toward reestablishing the more rigorous approach of Nichiren, and this change can be attributed to the influence of the latecomers from eastern Japan, particularly Nichiju and his successors.... The founding of Myokakuji was [also] seminal, as Nichijo promulgated a set of regulations for its monks and followers in 1413 that is the first textual evidence [Jeffrey Hunter, in his doctoral dissertation, was] able to discover for the refusal to accept offerings as a practice of the Nichiren sect. Until this time, though the prohibition against making offerings to nonbeleivers was widely subscribed to, [he could] find no articulation of the practice of refusing to accept alms. Further, in view of the fact that the fuju fuse contraversy took shape as a standoff between Myokenji (Myohonji) and Honkokuji on the one hand, and Myokakuji, Myomanji, Honnoji, Hompoji, and Honzenji on the other, it might seem that the idea of refusing alms arose from the designation of Myokenji and Honkokuji as chokuganji and kiganji. In exchange for accepting this type of patronage from the court and shogunate, the temples were expected to make offerings of the Dharma for the peace and prosperity of the rulers....

[However,] Up to the last decades of the fifteenth century, no Nichiren temple, whether of the hardline or conciliatory faction, considered the fuju fuse doctrine applicable to donations from the secualr authorities or religious services performed for them. This included even the most radical Nisshin. It is also evident in Nichijo's regulations for the Myokakuji community, the first occassion upon which the principle of refusing to receive offerings appears.

Myokaku-ji Regulations of 1413

Translated by Jeffrey Hunter, Ph.D.

1. No person shall worship at Shinto shrines belonging to other sects. Exceptions are made when one visits the shrine on a tour, for pleasure, or on official business.

2. No person shall give alms to monks who slander the Dharma. Exceptions are when gifts are given in conformity with normal social conventions and customs.

3. No person shall give alms directly from slanderers, even though it may be expedient to receive them directly with the purpose of enticing them to accept the Dharma.

4. A householder who worships and offers alms at Shinto shrines and thus commits slander must be admonished severely. If after three remonstrances he is still engaged in slander, he shall be expelled from the community regardless of whether he is a major or minor supporter, or how closely related he is to the remonstrator.

5. If a husband is a believer but his wife is not, he must try to convert her tirelessly. If after three years she is still not a believer, both the husband and wife must be expelled from the community.

6. If one witnesses or hears about a monk or householder acting in a slanderous manner, and does not reveal that information to the community, he shall be judged as an accomplice to the slanderous act he has witnessed or heard about.

7. Any person who harbors doubt about this ordinance should be advised time and time again until he casts away all heresy and takes refuge in the Truth. Any insertion of private thoughts or new meaning into the ordinance is a serious offence against the Dharma.

8. No monk shall have any dealings with a householder who has been expelled from the community. Exceptions are when personal business matters are involved.

9. Monks shall discard all money cast into the offertory box.

For more on this subject, you can obtain Dr. Hunter's doctoral dissertation:
The Fuju Fuse Contraversy in Nichiren Buddhism: the Debate Between Busshoin Nichio and Jakushoin Nichiken. by Jeffrey Robert Hunter, pages 96, 97, 98-101. University of Wisconsin: Madison. 1989. Available thru UMI Dissertation Services for loose-leaf copies; or call 1-800-521-0600 to obtain a soft- or hard-bound volume: Order #9105837.

The Fuju Fuse Debate Ryuei
Myomanji Regulations 1451
The Kansho Accord 1466
Fuju Fuse Articles Nichio
Refuting Nichio and the Niike Gosho 1629

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